Role of the Masjid:
1. Prayer and Dhikr of Allahﷻ: Salah in Jama’a
3. Center of learning: Darul Arqam in Makkah, Masjid an Nabawi in Madina. Halaqas to study Qur’an and all the aspects of Islam.
Rasoolullahﷺ said: ‘If people come together in the house of Allahﷻ studying the Book of Allahﷻ and reading it, Allahﷻ will give them 4 things: Sakeena (tranquility), Rahma (mercy), Angels will surround them and Allahﷻ will mention their names in a gathering better than theirs.’
4. Meeting place for Muslims – 5 times a day for Salah, Juma and to meet for any kind of collective reason that affects the Muslims.
5. Open to all Muslims and all people. Haraam to make a masjid specific to a particular group – Haraam to create groups in the first place
6. Da’awa: Christians from Najran stayed in the Masjid an Nabawi.
The one who builds or helps in building a masjid is blessed and promised Jannah and the one who destroys a masjid or helps to destroy a masjid is cursed and promised Jahannam.
A mosque is the best of places. It is more blessed and virtuous than all other places. Rasoolullahﷺ said: “The most beloved of places to Allah is the mosque, and the most detested of places to Allah is the marketplace.” [fusion_builder_container hundred_percent=”yes” overflow=”visible”][fusion_builder_row][fusion_builder_column type=”1_1″ background_position=”left top” background_color=”” border_size=”” border_color=”” border_style=”solid” spacing=”yes” background_image=”” background_repeat=”no-repeat” padding=”” margin_top=”0px” margin_bottom=”0px” class=”” id=”” animation_type=”” animation_speed=”0.3″ animation_direction=”left” hide_on_mobile=”no” center_content=”no” min_height=”none”][Sahîh Muslim]
There is great reward in building a mosque for Allah’s sake. Rasoolullahﷺ said: “Whoever builds a mosque for Allah, Allah will build for him likewise in Paradise.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]
In some narrations of this hadith, it reads “Whoever builds a mosque seeking Allah’s pleasure…”
It is also narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever build a mosque for Allah – be it large or small – Allah will build for him a house in Paradise.” [Sunan al-Tirmidhî – and graded as good (hasan) by al-Albânî]
In a narration in Musnad al-Bazzâr that al-Albânî graded as Sahih, it reads: “Whoever builds a mosque for Allah – though it be the size of the ground nest of a sandgrouse – Allah will build for him a house in Paradise.”
The building of a mosque is a way for a person to continue to earn blessings (Sadaqatul Jaariya) after death.
Rasoolullahﷺ said: “Among what continues to accrue for a believer of his good works after death are the following: knowledge that he learned and then imparted to others, a pious child whom he left behind, a copy of the Qur’ân that he bequeathed, a mosque that he built, a guest house he built for travelers, a river that he made to flow, and charity he spends from his wealth when he is in good health – all of this continues to avail him after his death.” [Sunan Ibn Majah and Sunan al-Bayhaqî – and graded as good (hasan) by al-Albânî]
And for those who destroy or in any way adversely affect or try to adversely affect masaajid of Allahﷻ, Allahﷻ clearly announced their fate:
وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن مَّنَعَ مَسَاجِدَ اللّهِ أَن يُذْكَرَ فِيهَا اسْمُهُ وَسَعَى فِي خَرَابِهَا أُوْلَـئِكَ مَا كَانَ لَهُمْ أَن يَدْخُلُوهَا إِلاَّ خَآئِفِينَ لهُمْ فِي الدُّنْيَا خِزْيٌ وَلَهُمْ فِي الآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ
Baqara 2: 114. And who is more unjust than those who forbid that Allah’s Name be glorified and mentioned much (Salah, Dhikr, Dars etc.) in Allah’s masaajid and strives for their ruin? It was not fitting that such should themselves enter them (Allah’s masaajid) except in fear. For them there is disgrace in this world, and they will have a great torment in the Hereafter.[/fusion_builder_column][/fusion_builder_row][/fusion_builder_container]